The review, published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, examines the U. The data back this up: These programs ignore sexually experienced adolescents. Results Among the 48 states in this analysis all U. Oral Abstract D4a — Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections and bacterial vaginosis among female adolescents in the United States: Despite this evidence, the U. In general, teen pregnancy rates are calculated based on reported teen birth and abortion rates, along with an estimated miscarriage rate . Analyses of the two data sets gave essentially identical results. The basis for these programs is scientifically flawed.
To account for the ethnic diversity among the teen populations in the different states in a multivariate analysis of teen pregnancy and birth rates, we included only the proportion of white and black teens in the state populations as covariates, because the Hispanic teen population numbers were not normally distributed see below. Abstinence and its critics. For pairwise comparison between abstinence levels, we used the Bonferroni adjustment for multiple comparisons. Adolescent depression and suicide risk: In general, teen pregnancy rates are calculated based on reported teen birth and abortion rates, along with an estimated miscarriage rate . Adolescent health experts emphasize that access to complete and accurate sexual health information has repeatedly been recognized as a basic human right. The HHS review also found that the comprehensive programs were hardly comprehensive. In Congressman Henry Waxman of California presented a report before Congress critical of the medical accuracy of abstinence education curricula Waxman We would never withhold information about seat belts because they wouldn't know how to protect themselves. These comprehensive programs were found to have no better record for medical accuracy. The group was told: These programs give teens the impression that condoms make sexual activity safe. National campaign to prevent teen pregnancy. Infection with an STI has long been recognized as a cause for depression among teens. Adolescents need repetitive, clear, and consistent guidance. For many years she was Medical Director of Positive Choices, an abstinence until marriage now called sexual risk avoidance program which served many schools and community programs in the area. Teens must be informed that condoms do not offer complete protection from either pregnancy or STIs. Used with permission http: US Government Printing Office. Minority Staff Special Investigations Division. These programs increase the likelihood of strong marriages and families—the single most essential resource for the strength and survival of our nation. HPV is found among 90 percent of sexually active young adults and teens Sulak and Herbelin , Mothers' influence on adolescents' sexual debut. Teen pregnancy, abortion and birth data Data on teen pregnancy, birth and abortion rates were retrieved for the 48 states from the most recent national reports, which cover data through  , . Correlations We used non-parametric Spearman correlations to assess relationships between variables, and for normally distributed variables we also used parametric Pearson correlations, but these results showed the same trends and significance levels as the non-parametric correlations. This approach reinforces the ubiquitous yet erroneous message presented by the media that engaging in sexual activity is not only expected of teens, but also the norm.
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